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Helicobacter Pylori - 1 Test

The Helicobacter pylori Test identifies the presence of specific antibodies against the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (Hp). These are normally absent in individuals who have not previously contracted Hp infection.

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  • Additional Information

Helicobacter pylori is a Gram negative microorganism that chronically infects more than half of the world’s population and plays a causative role in in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer and diseases, gastric cancer and mucosa-associated lymphoma.

Generally the majority of people carry the bacterium but, thanks to a good balance between the pathogenic power of the microorganism and the immune defenses of the subject, it is possible to guarantee an adequate protection. This is why those affected by significant immunodeficiency are definitely more exposed to the bacterium.

Hp grows in a particularly acidic environment, protected by a layer of mucus, because of it the bacterium is inside the stomach and the duodenum, where it can cause serious damages developing chronic gastritis and ulcers (about the 90% of gastric ulcers are caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori).

The half of the patients with Hp do not have any particular symptoms, in general there are gastritis and a strong burning sensation in the stomach. It is an infection that can easily be treated with specific antibiotics, if cured early and adequately diagnosed.